Discover the Smallest Rabbit Breed in the World

Do you constantly swoon over small, fluffy, and adorable creatures but feel overwhelmed by the thought of caring for a large pet? Or perhaps you live in a small apartment that simply doesn’t have room for a larger breed. Many pet lovers face these challenges. But don’t worry, there’s a solution to make your heart hop joyfully – small rabbit breeds.

In this article, we’ll explore the enchanting world of the smallest rabbit breeds that are not only incredibly cute but also perfect for those who prefer their furry friends a bit more compact.

The World’s Smallest Rabbit Breed: Columbia Basin Pygmy

Imagine a rabbit so small that it could fit in the palm of your hand. That’s the Columbia Basin Pygmy, the world’s smallest rabbit breed, weighing only about 0.5 kilos (1 pound). Sadly, this tiny creature is almost extinct, and it’s not recommended to keep Columbia Basin Pygmy rabbits as family pets.

If you’re interested in seeing these little wonders in person, you can find Columbia Basin Pygmy rabbits in captivity at the Oregon Zoo. However, if you’re looking for a small rabbit to adopt as a pet, we have you covered – let’s dive into the top 10 smallest domestic rabbit breeds!

Top 10 Smallest Domestic Rabbit Breeds

In the world of adorable small rabbit breeds, there are several domestic breeds that make perfect pets for those who prefer their furry friends on the tinier side. Some popular dwarf breeds include:

  • Netherland Dwarf

  • American Fuzzy Lop

  • Holland Lop

  • Mini Rex

  • Lionhead

Each of these breeds has its unique characteristics and charm.

Here’s a detailed look at one of the smallest rabbit breeds among the top 10 domestic breeds.

Netherland Dwarf

Meet the Netherland Dwarf, the smallest domestic rabbit breed, weighing between 1 and 2.5 pounds. These little bunnies have:

  • a short neck

  • big head

  • big eyes

  • tiny upright ears

  • a thick, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colors

Their short ears, snout, and feet give them their trademark dwarf look.

Despite their small size, Netherland Dwarf rabbits are full of energy and playfulness. They can make great pets if socialized when they’re young, especially for households with older kids who know how to handle them gently.

However, they may be a bit shy and fearful at first, so they may not be the best choice for families with small children.

Netherland Dwarf Rabbit

Holland Lop

The Holland Lop is another small and lovable rabbit breed that originated in the Netherlands. These tiny rabbits are known for their:

  • Super energetic nature

  • Love for exploring

  • Enjoyment of being around people

  • Adorable lop ears

  • Friendly nature

With these characteristics, Holland Lops have quickly become a popular choice among rabbit enthusiasts.

Maintaining a Holland Lop’s coat is straightforward, only requiring a brush two or three times a week. They have a sweet and good-natured temperament that makes them perfect companions for families or individuals looking for a small, affectionate pet.

Lionhead Rabbit

The Lionhead Rabbit is a small breed from Belgium, standing out due to its thick fur around the neck, reminiscent of a lion’s mane. Weighing between 1.1 and 1.6 kg, these friendly rabbits have an amazing temperament – gentle, calm, and great with kids. While not a lop rabbit, the Lionhead still makes a wonderful pet for families.

Lionhead rabbits are known for their affectionate personalities, and they form strong bonds with their owners. Their attractive mane, however, needs weekly grooming to remain in good condition.

Mini Rex

Next up is the Mini Rex, a small rabbit breed with a dwarf gene, making it a small or a dwarf rabbit breed or version of the Rex rabbit breed. Weighing up to 4.5 pounds, these low-maintenance rabbits are perfect for those who want an easy-going, well-behaved pet without a lot of grooming requirements.

Owners can teach Mini Rex rabbits tricks and they love frequent interaction. With their soft, velvety fur and friendly nature, Mini Rexes make excellent companions for both experienced and first-time rabbit owners.

American Fuzzy Lop

The American Fuzzy Lop is a small, fluffy rabbit breed with lop ears that give them their distinctive appearance. Weighing around 3-4 pounds, these rabbits are playful and energetic, making them a delightful addition to any family.

Although they have thick, wooly fur, American Fuzzy Lops don’t require as much grooming as other small breeds with similar coats. While their friendly and curious nature makes them ideal family pets, they need particular care because of their dense fur and precise dietary needs.

Jersey Wooly

The Jersey Wooly is another small rabbit breed, weighing up to 3.5 pounds, with a gentle temperament that has earned it the nickname “No-Kick Bunny.” Their unique, woolly coat requires regular grooming to keep them looking their best.

Jersey Woolies are great for families with children, and good pets as their calm and gentle nature makes them easy to handle and care for. However, they do require a delicate touch when handling due to their small size and fragile bodies.

Dwarf Hotot

The Dwarf Hotot is a small rabbit breed, also known as a dwarf breed. It has the following characteristics:

  • Unique coat colouring: purely white with black eye markings that resemble eyeliner

  • Weight: 2.5-3.5 pounds

  • Preference for relaxation over playtime

  • Laid-back temperament compared to other small breeds

Created by crossing the Blanc De Hotot rabbit with a Netherlands Dwarf rabbit in Germany, Dwarf Hotots are quite extroverted and playful but also enjoy taking it easy.

They make great pets for those who prefer a more relaxed rabbit companion, similar to the temperament of a Polish rabbit.

Dwarf Hotot Rabbit

Britannia Petite

The Britannia Petite is a small, energetic rabbit breed that is better suited for experienced rabbit owners due to its tendency to nip and whimsical nature. Here are some key characteristics of the Britannia Petite:

  • Weighs just over 2 pounds

  • Has a narrow head with big eyes

  • Has pointy, upright ears

  • Has soft coats that come in various colors

Despite their small size, Britannia Petite rabbits are energetic and love to play and hop around. They can be a bit much for new and older rabbit owners, but with proper care and attention, they can make wonderful pets for experienced handlers.

Mini Satin

The Mini Satin is a small rabbit breed with the following characteristics:

  • Friendly temperament

  • Smooth, shiny coat that sets them apart from other breeds

  • Weighing between 3-5 pounds

  • Outgoing and quirky personality

  • Often gets vocal when they’re excited

Gentle handling is essential for Mini Satins due to their delicate bodies, but they make great pets for families and individuals who want a friendly, approachable rabbit companion. With proper care, these charming little rabbits can bring joy and companionship to any home.

Read more: Mini Satin Rabbits: Everything You Need to Know

English Angora

The English. Angora rabbit is a small rabbit breed with a distinctive woolly coat that can even be spun into yarn. Originating in Ankara, Turkey, these rabbits have a friendly temperament and form strong bonds with their owners.

However, their beautiful woolly coat requires a lot of grooming and a specific diet to keep them healthy. English Angoras may not be the best choice for first-time rabbit owners due to their high maintenance, but with proper care and attention, they can make loving and loyal pets for experienced handlers.

English Angora Rabbit

Characteristics of Small Rabbit Breeds

Several unique characteristics distinguish small rabbit breeds from larger ones. These tiny creatures typically have a round body with soft, flyback fur, big eyes, and small, upright ears. Their friendly personalities and distinctive markings make them particularly appealing to rabbit enthusiasts.

In addition to their adorable appearance, small rabbit breeds often have longer lifespans than larger breeds, with some living up to 10 years or more.

With their lively and playful nature, small rabbits can bring joy and companionship to any household, making them an excellent choice for those looking for a smaller, more manageable pet.

Caring for Small Rabbit Breeds

Caring for small rabbit breeds necessitates attention to their unique needs, differing from larger breeds. To keep your little bunny happy and healthy, it’s important to understand what smaller rabbits need. Provide your small rabbit with:

  • A big cage that’s kept clean

  • Plenty of fresh hay

  • Water

  • A balanced diet of pellets and veggies

Even though small rabbits generally require less grooming than larger breeds, they still need to be groomed daily, especially those with longer fur or unique coat types. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are also important to ensure the ongoing health and well-being of your small rabbit breed.

Health Considerations for Small Rabbits

While small rabbits can make wonderful pets, they may also be prone to certain health issues, just like any other pet. Some small rabbit breeds, like Lionhead, Netherland Dwarf, and Mini Lop, can have long-term health problems that include:

  • Genetic issues

  • Congenital incisor malocclusion

  • Breathing and respiratory issues

  • Distorted tear ducts

  • Lop ears

Preventing health issues in your small rabbit involves providing proper care, housing, and companionship, as well as regular veterinary check-ups. This will help ensure that your small rabbit remains healthy and happy throughout their life.

Socialization and Training for Small Rabbits

To be well-behaved and cheerful pets, small rabbits require socialization and training. Spending quality time with your rabbit daily, aiming for at least 3-5 hours of training and socializing, will ensure their well-being and social development.

Proper socialization and training can help small rabbits form strong bonds with their owners, feel more comfortable around humans and other animals, and display positive behaviors such as relaxation and playfulness. With patience and consistency, you can help your small rabbit become a loving and well-adjusted family member.

two white rabbits in the grass

Choosing the Right Small Rabbit Breed for You

Your lifestyle, preferences, and living situation should guide your choice of small rabbit breed, given their unique characteristics and care requirements. Consider factors such as:

  • Size

  • Temperament

  • Activity level

  • Grooming needs

  • Health concerns

In addition to researching different small rabbit breeds, it’s important to choose a reliable breeder or rescue organization to ensure that you’re adopting a healthy, well-socialized rabbit. By taking the time to find the perfect small rabbit breed for you, you’ll be well on your way to enjoying years of companionship and joy with your new furry friend.

Read also: Thinking of Getting a Rabbit? Here’s What You Need to Know

Small Rabbit Breeds and Children

While small rabbit breeds can be fantastic pets for families with children, it’s crucial to select a breed with a gentle temperament and instruct children on the proper care and handling of their new pet. Some other small rabbit breeds that are known to be particularly kid-friendly include:

  • Himalayan

  • Dutch

  • Chinchilla

  • Mini Lop

  • Harlequin

When introducing a small rabbit to a household with children, ensure that the child is mature and knowledgeable enough to look after the rabbit properly. An adult should always be the primary caregiver for the rabbit, but with proper guidance and care, a small rabbit can become a beloved member of any family.

small rabbit in a container

Conservation Efforts for Rare Small Rabbit Breeds

Conservation efforts, particularly for rare small rabbit breeds like the Columbia Basin Pygmy, play a key role in preserving these distinctive creatures and our natural heritage. Responsible pet ownership plays a significant role in conservation, ensuring that pet rabbits receive proper care, housing, and companionship, which contributes to their overall well-being and survival.

Organizations involved in the conservation of small rabbit breeds include:

  • The Livestock Conservancy

  • Conservation Northwest

  • American Livestock Breeds Conservancy

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

  • American Rabbit Breeders Association

By supporting these organizations and practicing responsible pet ownership, we can help protect and preserve these rare small rabbit breeds for future generations to enjoy, as some rabbit breeds carry unique characteristics.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Smallest Rabbit Breed You Can Buy?

The smallest rabbit breed you can buy is the Netherlands Dwarf, which typically only reaches up to a pound when it matures. The Columbia Basin Pygmy is also an incredibly small breed, although it is very rare.

What Is the Smallest Rabbit Breed in the World Pet?

If you’re looking for the smallest pet rabbit, the Holland Lop is a great choice. Weighing only two to four pounds and with its stocky body shape, large head, and long furry lopped ears that widen at the bottom, this lop-eared breed makes an ideal companion for any home.

What Is the Best Small Rabbit for a Pet?

For a small, cuddly rabbit that is easy to handle and doesn’t require too much space, the Mini Rex, Dwarf Hotot, Lionhead, Holland Lop, American Fuzzy Lop or Netherlands Dwarf are great options. Consider factors like their energy levels, coat type and health when making your choice.

What Is the Second Smallest Rabbit Breed?

The second smallest breed of rabbit is the Jersey Wooly, a small and lovable rabbit that makes a great pet.

What Are the Unique Characteristics of Small Rabbit Breed?

Small rabbit breeds are known for their round body, soft, flyback fur, big eyes, small ears, friendly personalities, and distinctive markings, making them a unique and loveable pet.

Get Your Smallest Rabbit Breed Now

Small rabbit breeds offer charm and delight for those who prefer their pets on the tinier side. From the world’s smallest rabbit breed, the Columbia Basin Pygmy, to the top 10 smallest domestic rabbit breeds, these little furry friends make wonderful pets for those ready to meet their unique needs.

With proper care, socialization, and training, small rabbit breeds can bring joy, companionship, and love to any household.

Caitlyn Hill

Caitlyn Hill is the dedicated Chief Editor behind, a passion project born from her love for animals, particularly her cherished pet rabbit, Brownie. Caitlyn's deep bond with these furry companions has cultivated a wealth of knowledge and an unwavering affection for them. With her extensive experience and heartfelt devotion, she is determined to channel her expertise and passion into creating a vibrant and informative blog site that will undoubtedly become a go-to resource for all things related to cuddly pets.

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